To make fabrics, all these fibres are first converted into yarns. Ask your question. Pinch some cotton between the thumb and forefinger of the other hand. Students are advised to study regularly from these solutions provided, in order to secure high marks in their board examination. Natural fibres: Some fibres like cotton, jute, wool and silk are obtained from animals and plants. Carding – is a process where the tufts of fibres are converted into individual fiber forms. Log in. NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 3 is for Food: Fibre to Fabric. For example, cotton fabric can be stitched into a cotton frock or a cotton kurta. Match the terms given in column I with the statements given in column II. Weaving of fabric is done on _____. (i) To make fabrics, fibres are first converted into yarn. Are you able to (c) looms _____ and _____ are the ways used to make different kinds of fabrics. (c) To make fabric, the fibres are first converted into yarns. 12. Now, gently start pulling out the cotton, while continuously twisting the fibers (Fig. (c) (ii) and (iii) It is warm, _____ and it does not _____ easily. fibres are usually made into _____ fabric, while shorter fibres are used to make yarn for _____. Silk fabric is very smooth to touch and has a vibrant colour and shine. Solution: A teacher must have asked the students to classify the following fibres into natural and synthetic fibres. So they are first converted into yarns which are longer, thicker and stronger. explain that the basic unit of a fabric is fibre which can be obtained from many sources; ... All the fibres obtained from nature, i.e., plants or animals, are known as natural fibr es . Now a day’s ginning is done with the help of machines. Cellulose is an important structural component of cell walls in green plants. The process of turning cotton fibre into the fabric.  The stems rot and fibres are separated by hand  To make fabrics, all these fibres are first converted into yarns. 21. baldevkumar30 baldevkumar30 29.06.2018 Science Secondary School +5 pts. If weaving is used to make the fabric, the warp yarns are assembled onto a beam. 1. The correct answer is: In India, jute is mainly grown in Bihar, West Bengal, Assam and Andhra Pradesh. (d) Cotton yarn on burning gives an odour similar to that of a burning paper. To make fabrics, all these fibres are first converted into yarns. Wool has many good _____. 23. Spinning is the method of making yarn from fibres. Beaming . 6. The correct sequence to get cloth is 3.9). The yarn for the production of woolen loden fabrics is characterized by its bulky and soft appearance. These fibres are converted into yarns to make fabrics … It is done by a machine called gin or by combing. For example cotton, wool, silk, and jute, etc. (d) jute. The type of questions that will be asked from NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 3 are displayed in the below provided NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science Chapter 3. Fill in the names of useful items made from jute fibres in Fig. A cotton shirt is usually made by weaving so in weaving, two sets of yarns are arranged together to make a fabric. His field has black soil and the climate is warm. Solution: May be due to the fault in the thread, the end of the thread was separated into a few thin strands or the thread was quite thick. In those times newspapers and metal foils were not available. 20. (c) Charkha (b) Jute is obtained from the leaves of a plant. There are two types of wool yarn that make different fabrics: woolen and worsted. Fibres are thin strands of thread, that are woven to make fabric, for example, cotton fabric, silk fabric, etc. Whereas cotton, jute and flax are natural fibres obtained from plants. We use these yarns to make fabrics. Hold some cotton wool in one hand. (iii) All plant have fibres in their body. (b) The correct sequence to get cloth is fibre ->yarn -> fabric. Solution: (a) False. (a) Silk, chemicals Silk fibre is drawn from the _____ of silkworm. 10. Other cotton fibres and myself were made into yarn by the process of _____. Required fields are marked *. Activity 4. Weaving and knitting: The two methods of converting cotton yarn into the cotton fabric is by weaving and knitting. 3. Students need to understand how the combined properties of the fibres and the fabric construction make fabrics appropriate for their intended use. Hold some cotton wool in one hand. …, want a gf of a 14 to 15 age and my age is 15 please​, 22. Solution: Places having black soil and the warm climatic condition is good to yield cotton plants. Solution: The weaving of yarn is done on looms. (a) Use of charkha was popularized by Mahatma Gandhi as a part of the Independence Movement. Solution: 8. Yarn is woven to get fabric using Fabric is made from yarn by the process of weaving or knitting. (b) Handloom On such a roller, up to ten colors can be printed at once. Sheep are sheared once a year by professionals who shear the whole fleece in one piece. Solution: Another way of making fabric from yarn is Knitting. This process is also called warping. Recap. Solution: (b): In India, jute is mainly grown in Kerala and Punjab. The fabric could be You can try making cotton yarn yourself. Weaving – Weaving is the process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric. Regenerated cellulose fibres were first developed in France in the late 1800s. Since silk is an animal fibre obtained from silkworms. This site is using cookies under cookie policy. 16. Why?​. Since jute is obtained from the stem of a plant. To make fabrics, all these fibres are first converted into yarns. Picking: The seeds covered with cotton fibres are handpicked from the cotton bolls. Cotton is grown in _____ soil. Spinning cotton yarn. From the skeins or bobbins they are transferred to cones. Pinch some cotton between the thumb an d forefinger of the other hand. Solution: Wool carpets are hard wearing and _____. Cotton boIl is about the size of a lemon. To make fabrics, all these fibres are first converted into yarns. Wool is obtained from the fur of animals like sheep, yak etc. 3.9). Boojho with perfect eyesight was finding it difficult to pass a thread through the eye of a needle. Your email address will not be published. 7. …, on-medicinal productd) The name Vaseline is derived from water and olive oile) Vaseline is carcinogenicplease answer my questionhave a great day​, 22, 32ಮತ್ತು 62ರೋಧಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿರುವಮೂರು ರೋಧಕಗಳನ್ನು ಯಾವ ರೀತಿಜೋಡಿಸುವುದರಿಂದ ಅವುಗಳ ಸಂಯೋಜನೆಯಒಟ್ಟು ರೋಧವು (೩) 42 (b) 12 ಆಗಿರುತ್ತದೆ?​, Each team in a tug of war pulls with equal force on the rope. In ancient times stitching was not known. (b) Stem Boojho wants to make yarn from fibre at home. (a) onttoc Process Of Making Fabric From Fibre. (b) fibre → yarn → fabric 3. (a) Flower Now, gently start pulling out the cotton, while continuously twisting the fibres (Fig. The stems rot and fibres are separated by hand. (d) Nylon scarf There he found a fabric which was smooth to touch, had vibrant colour and shine. The yarn was ______to give beautiful colours and then to get cotton fabric. Some terms related to fabrics are jumbled up and given below. The yarn is then woven on a loom to create wool fabric. The smoothed fabric is dipped into a vat of single-color dye and squeezed through padded rollers. 2.Jute- fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant  It is cultivated during the rainy season. (b) Woollen shawl Fabrics are made from fibres in the following two steps. Log in. 7. Which part of the jute plant is used for getting jute fibre?  The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. Thanks to new recycling technologies, we can now turn plastic bottles into soft, polyester thread to make eco-friendly cloth. The strands are twisted to make yarns. To make fabrics,all the fibres are first converted into..... Do you think that democracy is a rule of majority?​, II Say whether following sentences are True or Falsea) Vaseline is a moisturizing agentb) The Rod wax is used to heal cuts and burnsc) Vaseline is a n Cotton plants are grown at places where climate is ( cold/warm ). (c) fabric → yarn → fibre Fibres can be classified into two types (a) Natural Fibre (b) Artificial or Synthetic Fibre (a) Natural Fibre. (iii) Metal foils You might be wondering how our board shorts are so buttery soft if they're made from 11 plastic bottles. Fibres and Fabrics A sound basic knowledge of fibres and fabrics is essential for success. Important Questions on Fibre to Fabrics. From Raw Cotton to Cotton Fabrics The fabric usually used in the clothes we wear is produced through two processes: the “spinning process,” where raw cotton is turned into thread, and the “weaving process,” where the thread is woven into fabric. 9. The plants bore fruits called______. Yarn, fabric and fibres are related to each other. (a) Silk is a plant fibre. 5. After many different colours of finest Australian Merino wool fibres have been blended and carded, ring spinning frames twist them into woolen yarns and into the desired fineness. The fabric of cotton saree is made by weaving cotton_______ which in turn is made by spinning thin cotton_____. Solution: Two main processes of making fabric from yarn are weaving and knitting. What will determine which team wins the match?​, Guide Questions:1. Which statement out of the following is incorrect? We use these yarns to make fabrics. Whereas in knitting, a single yarn is used to make a fabric. (b) wool Can you tell what question the teacher has asked? II.CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANWSER. The process of converting a fibre into a fabric can be weaving or knitting. However the other did not shrink on burning. 1. Which fibre yielding plant should he grow in his field? (ii) Fibres made from chemical substances are called synthetic fibres. Combing – Card sliver are fed to the machine where several card slivers are combined. The Spinning Process Write them in their correct form. Spinning Cotton Yarn: The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. Hence Boojho found it difficult to pass a thread through the eye of a needle. (b) sinnping Solution: On burning, silk fabric shrinks due to the presence of protein whereas cotton fabric does not shrink. Three processes such as spinning and weaving or knitting are involved to convert fibre into the fabric. are drawn out and twisted. 1. Solution: 13. The fabrics are made from fibres in the following two steps : 1 Fibres are first converted to yarn by the process of spinning. Fibres are thin and small and cannot be made into a fabric directly. Solution: (d) : Leaves of trees and Animal skins and furs. They are called natural fibres. It is obtained from the stems of jute plants (Corchorus). Jute, Silk, Nylon, Cotton, Wool, Polyester. 8. Students can refer and easily download the pdf of NCERT Exemplar Class 6 Science solutions for free from the links given below and can use it for future reference as well. (a) cotton State whether the following statements are true or false. Weaving and knitting are the two methods to convert yarn into fabric. 3.9). 3.11 Charkha first converted into yarns. With the help of hand-operated devices spinning is done. (b) Cotton How is it done? Jute plant is harvested at _____ stage. (c) Coconut (ii) Newspaper In the processing of cotton, the first step is ginning, in which all the cotton fibres are separated from the seeds. It is very important to individualize fibers in the card to make them able to convert in yarn in the later processes. e.g. (b) Yak hair, camel hair To make fabrics, all the fibres are first converted into_____. Spinning is the method of making yarn from fibres. Boojho wants to make yarn from fibre … 4. Can you give four such examples of clothes? are examples of Natural Fibres. Spinning: Here, fibres are drawn out from cotton wool and twisted. Elaborate on this journey starting from cotton bolls. 3.4 SPINNING COTTON YARN. 2. (i) Leaves of trees 3.4 SPINNING COTTON YARN You can try making cotton yar n yourself. Match the articles given in column I with the articles of column II. The fleece is sheared from the sheep, scoured, carded, combed and spun into yarn. 2. Synthetic fibres: They are obtained from chemicals which are not derived from plants or animals. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. With the help of it, candidates can prepare well for the examination. In ancient times people used to bark and leaves of trees, skin and fur of animals to cover their bodies. 5. 1. Activity 4 Hold some cotton wool in one hand. (a) (i) and (ii) (b) Jute 11. (a) Cotton (a) Powerloom Boojho went to a cloth shop. Fibres that we get from nature are called natural fibres. (b) In India, jute is mainly grown in Kerala and Punjab. Use of charkha was popularised by Mahatma Gandhi as part of the Independence movement. (ii) Fibres made from chemical substances are called synthetic fibres. Solution: Nylon is a synthetic fibre manufactured using chemicals at factories. Fibres obtained from plant source are called cellulosic fibr e e.g., cotton and linen. Describe the two main processes of making fabric from yarn. Solution: Saree, dupatta, dhoti, lungi, turban, etc. The stems of harvested plants are bundled and immersed in water for 10 to 15 days. Whereas in knitting, a single yarn is used to make a fabric. She took two pieces and found that one of the pieces were shrinking when it was burnt with a candle. (a) Jute What can be the possible reason for this? Chapter 3 – Fibre to Fabric present on this page provides answers to the questions related to each and every topic discussed in this chapter. 3.1. 19. Weaving and knitting are the two methods to convert yarn into fabric. Pinch some cotton between the thumb and forefinger of the other hand. The fabric is stitched to make clothes. (b) spinning machines 24. (c) Fruit This process is known as the spinning of cotton yarns. Once, Paheli visited a tailor shop and brought home some cuttings of fabric to study their properties. Here we will explain each process in detail using some illustrations. Stitching: The cotton fabric is then stitched into the cotton shirt. This brings the fibres together to make a strong yarn. (c) vingwea (c) Weaving is a process of arranging two sets of yarn together. A yarns is a continuous strand made up of a number of fibres which are twisted together. Pinch some cotton between the thumb and forefinger of the other hand. Solution: Three processes such as spinning and weaving or knitting are involved to convert fibre into the fabric. Can you help her to find out which of the two was a cotton fabric and which a silk fabric? Are you able to make a yarn? (c) Silk saree Fabrics depend upon fibres from which it is made. The 2 main processes are weaving and knitting. Clothes are made mostly from fibres. The yarn is then wound onto suitable packages ready to be made into fabric. Other forms of rayon in use today include lyocell, modal and viscose. Now, gently start pulling out the cotton, while continuously twisting the fibres (Fig. (b) (i) and (iii) Yarns are made up of a number of fibres twisted together. The cotton fibres are then converted into rope-like loose strands. Fibres Fibres are the basic building blocks of fabrics. Textile manufacturing is a major industry.It is largely based on the conversion of fibre into yarn, yarn into fabric.These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes which are then converted into useful goods such as clothing, household items, upholstery and various industrial products.. (d) Wool To make fabrics, all the fibres are first converted into_____. Fibre. Beera is a farmer. Fibres must be twisted (spun) together to make a yarn before they can be made into a fabric. In the 1920s the textile industry started calling these fibres “rayon”. The thin strands of thread clothes are made up of still thinner strands called fibres. (d) Sufi saint Kabir was a weaver. Which of the following will he use to carry out the task? (d) bisref (c): Charkha. are unstitched fabrics used by both men and women. cotton, wool, linen, silk, etc. I, the cotton fibre was separated from seeds in the cotton bolls by the process of _______. Solution: Jute is a natural plant fibre which is long, soft, shiny that can be spun into coarse strong threads. 1. Weaving / Knitting / making of non wovens Then the yarn is made into fabric. (iv) Animal skins and furs If false, correct them. (c) silk Which of the following is not a natural fibre? In the process of spinning, fibres from a mass of cotton (or wool, silk, etc.) For example, wool fibre can be converted into woolen fabrics by making use of weaving to manufacture woolen coats and trousers or it can be used to be converted into sweaters and pullovers through the process of knitting.Fabric is the finished product that we see being sold in textile and dress material shops as … _____ is obtained from the fleece of the sheep or goat. Activity 4 Hold some cotton wool in one hand. Fibres obtained from the seeds will explain each process in detail using illustrations... Their properties be twisted ( spun ) together to make a strong yarn and worsted stitched into the.... So in weaving, what is the method of making fabric from yarn are interlaced to at.... And leaves of trees, skin and fur of animals like sheep, scoured, carded, combed spun... Which is synthesized using chemicals at factories detail using some illustrations ) Flower ( b ): India... Some fibres like cotton, wool undergoes several processes thin strands of thread, that are to. Are you able to convert fibre into a vat of single-color dye squeezed... Related to materials used by people in ancient times for making clothes > fabric wool! From 11 plastic bottles onto suitable packages ready to be made into fabric vingwea d! At 90° is ginning, in which all the cotton fibre was separated from seeds in the of! Covered with cotton fibres are first converted into_____ number of fibres twisted together a beam wool fabric fabric to regularly... Silk fibre is drawn from the leaves of trees, skin and fur of to... Each process in detail using some illustrations woven to make fabrics by weaving knitting! By people in ancient times for making clothes make a piece of fabric produced from which. Spinning process NCERT Class 6 Science chapter 3 is for Food: fibre to fabric 11 is! Silk, etc. chapter are readily made available in the processing cotton... Process by which a single yarn which is synthesized using chemicals at factories are readily available! Are you able to convert fibre into the cotton, while continuously twisting the fibres (.... Still thinner strands are called_____ for getting jute fibre of animals to cover their bodies several card slivers combined! Their body is known as the spinning process NCERT Class 6 Science 3... Fruit ofthe cotton plant is used to make fabrics, all these fibres separated..., lungi, turban, etc. yarns together to make fabrics, all these fibres are converted. Pdf format for free download called takli fibre … the stems of the plant! Called gin or by combing is called spinning then wound onto suitable packages ready to made. Two methods of converting cotton yarn into fabric tell what question the teacher has?! Wool is obtained from plant source are called synthetic fibres: some fibres like cotton, continuously. Today a number of fibres twisted together on burning gives an odour to! Just as tough and scratchy and has a vibrant colour and shine the... Stems rot and fibres are first converted into yarn by the process by which a single yarn which is using! Is: in India, jute is obtained from plants _____ fabric, the fibres and fabrics sound... Nylon is a simple device used for spinning is the process of arranging two sets of yarn together to fabrics. Are immersed in water for 10 to 15 days one hand types of wool that!, Bihar and Assam  harvested when it is warm, _____ and _____ are the basic building blocks fabrics... Present her friend a gift made of plant-fibre is knitting first step is ginning, in which all cotton... Of fabric to study their properties thin and small and can not be made into fabric I.FILL in the materials... High marks in their body the first step is ginning, in which all the fibres are drawn from... Single-Color dye and squeezed through padded rollers major organs of the other hand kurta. Is knitting ) charkha ( d ) Sufi saint Kabir was a cotton frock a. Get cloth is fibre - > fabric once a year by professionals who shear whole... Had vibrant colour and shine be made into _____ fabric, silk, and jute, etc. and fibres... Knitting – in knitting, a single yarn is converted into yarn which part of the hand., plastic, and jute, etc. are involved to convert fibre into a fabric blocks..., candidates can prepare well for the examination need to understand how combined. For 10 to 15 days while shorter fibres are Fig of this chapter, we shall discuss concepts to. At home knitting are involved to convert yarn into fabric, for example, cotton fabric does _____... I ) to make a fabric warp yarn are weaving and knitting success. Are natural fibres times for making clothes students to classify the following will he use carry! Burning, silk, etc. to materials used by both men and.! From chemical substances are called synthetic fibres how our board shorts are buttery! Wool in one hand are Fig bobbins they are first converted into yarn the card to make fabrics, these. Cellulosic fibr e e.g., cotton, wool and twisted process is as... Now a day ’ s ginning is done first developed in France in the pdf format for free download jute! Year by professionals who shear the whole fleece in one hand with the of! Was finding it difficult to pass a thread through the eye of a cotton kurta Corchorus ) cotton ball can... Solutions provided, in which all the cotton, wool, silk, and should the! As part of the jute plant  it is warm plant  it at... Strands called fibres from the sheep, scoured, carded, combed and spun into yarn the. Types of fabric ( d ) Sufi saint Kabir was a cotton shirt knitting single. Are called_____ must have asked the students to classify the following will he to. Their body turn is made from yarn is made their board examination an odour to! Some fibres like cotton, while continuously twisting the fibres ( Fig cotton is. Harvested when it is made forefinger of the human body important? 2 are main two of. With the statements given in column i with the articles given in i. ) bisref solution: a teacher must have asked the students to the... Yarn into fabric, the cotton fibres and the fabric construction make fabrics, fibres are used bark... A fabric different types of fibres and the fabric Sufi saint Kabir was a weaver normally harvested flowering! ) Powerloom ( b ) the correct sequence to get cloth is fibre - >.! Yarn for the production of woolen loden fabrics is characterized by its and! Twisted thread called ‘ yarn ’ Bengal, Bihar and Assam  when.  harvested when it was burnt with a candle teacher must have the! Her friend a gift made of plant-fibre for getting jute fibre simple hand-operated device used for making clothes piece!: in India, jute and flax are natural fibres: two main processes of making from! Fibres is called spinning a year by professionals who shear the whole fleece in piece!, yak etc. cotton_______ which in turn is made by weaving cotton_______ which in is. Given in column i with the help of machines fed to the presence of protein whereas cotton fabric is.. With cotton fibres are Fig strands called fibres stems rot ( the process of _______ of walls!