ft.), but expect a weekend or two of hard labor. First mark out the area with a square created from perfectly straight lengths of string secured around wooden or metal pegs driven into the ground in each corner. Then screw a straight board to the deck as a saw guide and cut all the boards at once. Then measure the distance from the line to the straightedge in the center to make sure it’s the same as the end measurements. Start on one end of bent boards and straighten them as you nail or screw them to each consecutive joist. This Deck-a-Floor system is so neat; it is like putting a puzzle together. Measure an equal distance in from each end of the deck, allowing for an overhang (if desired), and snap a chalk line as a guide for the first row of decking. One by one, board by board, it starts to come together! In the case of a deck board, this determines whether you have a "cup" warp (concave surface) or a "crown" warp (convex surface). Pull back on the chisel until the deck board is tight to your spacer and drive the nails. Run your saw along the straightedge to cut off the boards. Square the corners using the 3,4,5 method. Remember that the space between the decking supports vary with the decking dimensions, material and pattern. Even boards that look good initially can get little “cat’s-eye” splits later as the wood dries. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our Installation Guide. To lay a deck this way, joist have to be set no wider than 300mm apart, so you may need one or two more joists extra. Align the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw the boards to the joists. Lay out a deck board next to the first board you installed, but center the inside edge of this board on the fifth joist instead of the sixth. Lay the longest span, which is the one that extends from one corner of the deck to the diagonal opposite corner, first. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Photos © 2020 Scripps Networks, LLC. A perfect choice for any decking material from pressure-treated lumber, hardwoods, and cedar to composite and PVC deck boards; the angled gives your new build or deck remodel a whole new depth. HGTV, HGTV Smart Home, HGTV Smart Home Giveaway and their associated logos are trademarks of Scripps Networks, LLC. By choosing your country, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy's Policy, Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. Even with drill-point screws, I’d recommend predrilling the ends of boards, which are prone to splitting. from the end of the board. That way, if the guide is positioned incorrectly, you’ll notice the mistake before it’s too late. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. All deck board should end on a joist, making sure to stagger deck board ends. Then clear all turf and vegetation from the area and firm down the ground beneath. Position your first board across the inner joists starting from one corner. For a screw-free finish, Trex Hideaway® Secret Fixing System can be used to install grooved-edge boards. Use pegs and string to set out the deck perimeter. Garden decking is a common feature in many outdoor living spaces. You can then revisit a row to tighten things up when several rows are installed. Next, learn how to choose the best deck finish here. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our Installation Guide. Then sight down the boards occasionally to make sure they’re staying straight. Start the holes about 1/2 in. Run the saw’s base against the straightedge to cut the deck boards perfectly straight. A concrete slab provides a firm, stable base for pavers. By the DIY experts of The Family Handyman Magazine. Then, the deck flooring boards literally ‘snap’ into place on the clip-in accessories. A few extra whacks will nudge the board into position. If you’re willing to devote the time, you’ll find that predrilling decking for all of the screws will result in a top-notch job with zero splitting. Mark that distance from the line and screw down a straight board. Then, slide the groove of the next board into the clips and tighten with a rubber mallet. Mitre and lay the decking planks for the steps and fix in place with two screws at every joist. Allow the extra wood to dangle over the rim joist. Start by running a mason’s line parallel to the house first. Each board should have a ⅛” gap. TIP: Decking laid at right angles to … Position the board so it bends away from installing decking. To lay timber deck boards. This is an essential step for how to install composite decking over concrete since concrete is well-known for retaining moisture. You can easily spot when a board is off. The slight changes in deck board spacing won’t be noticeable in the finished deck. A better approach is to let the deck boards run wild as shown in the photo. Laying decking boards in a diagonal direction gives the deck a very noticeable look. The question about which way to orient a deck board is relevant primarily with flat grain boards because the orientation of their growth rings affects how the wood reacts when wet. Even nails can cause splitting, especially near the ends of boards. How to lay out, place, & secure decking: the deck flooring. Choices of deck board fastener types and methods include nails, screws, clips, and a wide variety of hidden deck board fastener systems that we describe here as well. Find out with our series of deck installation tutorial videos and downloadable guides. Then using the Camo fastener as a spacer, get your decking … Occasionally you’ll run into boards that are too crooked to bend easily by hand. Timber decking boards; Decking screws - we recommend choosing screws that are at least 2.5 times longer than the surface they'll be secured to (the deck boards). Set the first board along a chalk line to start straight. Decking Installation How to Properly Space Deck Boards. The photos here show three of our favorite tricks for straightening these stubborn boards. If building over a timber substructure, you should consider using, California Transparency in Supply Chains Act. Use a builder’s line or string to attach the pegs and mark out the square dimensions of your structure. Then, when you’re ready to dig into how to lay your garden decking, refer to our, Trex can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart. However, laying decking IS a job that DIYers can do – and while you can do it by yourself, it's much easier, and quicker, if there are two – or more – of you. Sixteen-penny nails are about the right size for spacing between deck boards. Drive a toenail into the edge of the board for an extra boost. We recommend our users to update the browser. For a neat finish, we recommend trimming boards on both ends at a minimum of 5mm. Homebuilding & Renovating Newsletter. Adjust the spacing between deck boards gradually over the next 10 rows of decking until the distance to the house is equal. They tend to push the wood fibers apart rather than tear through them like nails. This is because the wood will be sitting directly on the ground, which means that it is in constant contact with the water in the soil. Then pull or push the bent end against the spacers as you work down the length of the board. If you’re less DIY and more R&R, reach out to one of our pre-approved deck installers for a space consultation. Remove the plywood for the last blow. Explore the six simple steps below to understand the basics. Whether we’re talking about decking balustrades or our high performance composite, convenience is the cornerstone of every Trex product. The article explains the key step in placing the first deck board - the line from which the rest of the decking follows. In most cases, it’s best to start with a full board on the outside edge of the deck and work toward the house so the odd board is less visible. To install last plank, used end nippers to remove the spikes from one side of hidden fasteners. Install Decking Material. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of wood decking vs. composite and vinyl manufactured decking materials. Then use spacers at each joist to keep the gap between boards consistent and to keep the boards running straight. Next, learn how to choose the best deck finish here. The sleeper system’s joists need to be at least 1-1/2 inches in both height and width to allow for effective ventilation. To ensure the best variety of colour tones, mix and match all boards in the most visually appealing way prior to installation. At outer end of deck, notch the decking, as necessary, to fit around the railing posts. Lay out the deck perimeter using batter boards and mason’s line. Install last plank with composite decking screws. Another trick is to blunt the tip of the nail with your hammer before pounding it in. Trex can be installed over timber, steel or aluminum substructures with joist centers at a maximum of 400mm apart. Since you can’t saw right up to a wall or other obstruction, make sure to precut these boards to the right length first. Should you use screws or nails for deck? (Add more nails only if a board does not lie straight or flat.) Drive a 3/4-in. Ground level decking is also often the cheapest type of decking to install due to its popularity. Having attached all the joists, finish up the deck by installing the decking material. While laying deck boards might seem easy and quick, you’ll want to take your time and do it right. Lay a deck fabric over the earth to prevent weeds growing up through the deck. Lay and nail the next deck board as before. Then run perpendicular lines to complete the perimeter, crossing the mason’s line at the corners. Here’s a list. Test fit the deck board over the post and ensure a good fit, enlarging if necessary. Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. Measure the amount that will need to be cut out and then make the cut into the board. Align the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw the boards to the joists. Just like that, you’re installed—with decking handrails and balustrade next on the list. Continue gluing and nailing until the deck is complete. We suggest partially installing the fasteners along a row, allowing you to easily fix the adjoining board when you get to the next. Deck Installation Guide. This only works if you’re letting the ends of the boards run long and cutting them off later. Finally, screw decking panels to the front face of the step to create a neat finish. They should be no more than 25mm from the end of the board. When nailing into the end of deck boards, Use a 1/4-in. Learn how to lay and install your brand new deck boards along … The nail will punch through the wood rather than wedging it apart. Drill pilot holes for screws at board ends so the wood doesn’t split later. Dig down to around 50mm - making sure the ground level is even all around. Avoid this problem by predrilling a hole the size of the nail shank. Next, screw a hidden fastener clip into the groove on top of each joist. Blunt the tip of a nail with your hammer to help avoid splits. Every Trex board is unique. Look for screws with self-drilling points. Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration. 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